A third question is how to handle future business negotiations with third parties. Faced with the consequences of a possible exit from the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) in 2025, Kenya has already begun negotiations to establish a free trade agreement with the United States. The United Kingdom is working to conclude new trade agreements after its withdrawal from the European Union and is also approaching a number of countries in the region. The Kenya-U.S. Free Trade Agreement was particularly controversial, but perhaps too controversial: in principle, nothing prevents suspected East African countries from negotiating with third parties. However, for the above reasons concerning rules of origin, it is preferable to avoid totally different approaches in negotiations with third parties.     It was created by the African Continental Free Trade Agreement between 54 of the 55 nations of the African Union.  The free trade area is the largest in the world in terms of the number of participating countries since the creation of the World Trade Organization.  Accra, Ghana, is the secretariat of the AFCFTA and was mandated in Accra on August 18, 2020 by the President of Ghana, His Excellency Nana Addo Dankwa Akuffo Addo Addo, in Accra and handed over to the AU.
On July 21, 2018, five other nations, including South Africa, signed the agreement. At the time, the Nigerian government stressed that its non-participation was a delay and not a withdrawal, and promised to sign the agreement soon.  As previously pointed out by the Minister of Foreign Affairs, the Nigerian government intended to continue to consult with local companies in order to obtain private sector agreement.  The 12.