Turkey and the Tripoli-based Government of the National Agreement (GNA) signed the maritime agreement and a military cooperation agreement in November 2019. Greece recognizes its territories within the area between the region of Crete and the island of Meyisti as a single coast. On the other hand, Turkey argues that it is mainly the continental shelves and the borders of the EEZs that must be defined between Libya, Egypt and Turkey. The right of South Cyprus to continental status in the Mediterranean and the agreements based on that acceptance are not valid under international law. Even under the Vienna Convention on Treaty Law, southern Cyprus cannot ignore the equal rights of northern Cyprus and unilaterally take decisions on behalf of the Turkish people living on the island. Turkey and the TRNC disputed the agreements and indicated that the Cyprus-Egypt agreement violated Turkey`s continental borders, that southern Cyprus seriously violated the equality rights of the TRNC, and that these violations were contrary to the principle of fair distribution. This is because coastal geography and structure play a very important role in delimiting marine areas. It is the deciding factor in most years, and it is based on two fundamental principles; “The master of the country`s domination over the sea” and “the coastal state must establish this domination on its coasts.” This fundamental principle has been put forward in all related judicial decisions (Malta-Libya case, continental shutdown case in the Aegean Sea, case of Guinea-Bissau). ISTANBUL (Reuters) – An agreement on the maritime demarcation between Ankara and Libya`s internationally recognized government has been registered by the United Nations, the Turkish Defense Ministry said on Friday. Egypt also criticized the agreement and called it “illegal.” Josep Borrell, Vice-President of the European Commission, said that the agreement signed by Turkey and Libya is a violation of third countries and does not comply with the law of the sea.
 The President of the Republic of Cyprus, Nicos Anastasiades, wanted to create a diplomatic movement to annihilate the agreement between Libya and Turkey. He also stated that this movement would not include any military options.  Greece challenged the UN and denounced the Libyan ambassador in response to the agreement, furious at a pact that bypasses the Greek island of Crete and violates its continental shelf.  On the basis of this agreement, Turkey would be able to send troops to assist Libya in launching joint maritime exploration activities and gaining a position of strength in decisions regarding pipelines crossing these sections of the seabed. The legitimacy and legal consequences of the agreement have been challenged by a number of states in the region as well as by the European Union. According to the European Union, the agreement “violates the sovereign rights of third countries, is not in accordance with the law of the sea and cannot have legal consequences for third countries.”  Cyprus and Egypt both considered the agreement “illegal”, while Greece considers it “unconfessed” and “geographically absurd” because it ignores the presence of the islands of Crete, Kasos, Karpathos, Kastellorizo and Rhodes between the Turkish and Libyan coasts.  According to the Turkish newspaper Daily Sabah, the new agreement consists of the establishment of 200 nautical miles of EEZ and an 18.6 nautical mile continental shelf facility.  According to Recep Tayyip Erdogan, the Turkish position is that it protects its sovereign rights over the blue economy and defends its rights over the disputed area of the Mediterranean.  According to the Anadolu agency, the legality of the EEZ borders in the Mediterranean should also be determined by continental and continental data, instead of island calculations.
 Greek Prime Minister Mitsotakis hopes to win the support of the White House during his visit to the United States and strengthen his hand in the agreement between Egypt and Greece to delimit the EEZ.