It began in 1996 at the WTO Ministerial Conference in Singapore, at which a joint group of WTO members put the issue on the WTO agenda. In the Singapore Ministerial Statement, MEPs called for ” (…) The Council has been tasked with carrying out exploratory work and analysis (…) on the simplification of trade procedures in order to assess the scope of WTO rules in this area. The text of the agreement was adopted in 2013 at the Bali Ministerial Conference, at which members also agreed on the procedure for integrating future FRTs into the WTO agreement. Eleven months later, the WTO General Council adopted the protocol amending the WTO agreement and the protocol has since been adopted by WTO members. Kick-off Your national trade facilitation committees by welcoming traders: public-private partnerships are the cornerstones for the implementation of the WTO TFA to succeed. Who knows better than traders the bottlenecks in business procedures? It is therefore important to invite them to participate in the commissions. In addition, the NTF states should combine synergies with other national committees, such as. B health and plant health regulatory committees or technical barriers to trade and the promotion of regional platforms. The agreement will also help to make the critical practical barriers to international trade redundant. The most prosperous countries in the agreement have pledged to reform the technical and financial processes of developing countries to improve their effectiveness. This, in turn, hopes to reduce corruption as bribes in these national regions. New technologies and more efficient procedures, which reduce the “bureaucracy” associated with international trade, should limit corruption by limiting their need.  Section II of the agreement contains innovative special and differentiated treatment provisions that link implementation by developing countries and LDCs to the acquisition of the ability to implement the agreement for the first time in WTO history (see box). Although members adopted the Doha Ministerial Declaration at the 2001 Ministerial Conference, trade facilitation negotiations did not begin until the second half of 2004.
Indeed, WTO members have failed to agree on the work programme and modalities and developing countries have opposed the opening of negotiations on new issues, including trade facilitation. Opposition to trade facilitation was finally halted and negotiations were initiated by the “July Package” in the General Council`s decision of 2 August 2004 . In addition, both developing and least developed countries had to provide the WTO with information on contact points for the coordination of these TACBs (Article 22.3). Since 22 February 2019, only five developing countries have met this commitment. This low compliance makes it difficult for development partners to coordinate aid and the willingness of these countries to carry out ambitious trade facilitation projects. As the trade facilitation agreement has been pushed to be a non-binding document, but a number of incentives for the industry and development-oriented countries that should follow, it has left many developing and least developed countries with doubts that the most prosperous countries will meet their commitment to assistance. Many African nations are wondering how this agreement can benefit them not only for international trade, but also for interregional trade.  As a result, many developing countries are still unable to fully commit to ratifying this agreement.