The partial nature of the agreement between Greece and Egypt is consistent with the regional practice of the state in the eastern Mediterranean (see analysis). The delimitation agreements between Cyprus, Egypt, Cyprus-Lebanon and Cyprus-Israel all provide that the points for assessing defined borders can be reviewed and/or extended to the three potential equivalent points of the coasts of the States concerned “in light of the future delimitation with other neighbouring countries and in agreement with the neighbouring countries concerned”. Agreement on the delimitation of maritime borders and other matters The preamble to the agreement between Greece and Egypt recognizes the relevance and applicability of the Charter of the United Nations and UNCLOS. It refers in particular to the principles of good neighbourliness, cooperation and good faith. The preamble stresses that each party must exercise its prerogatives and jurisdictions in accordance with UNCLOS, which includes Greece and Egypt. UNCLOS provides that an international agreement between the States concerned is the main method of delimiting maritime borders, including the EEZ and the continental shelf (Article 74, paragraph 1, and Article 83, paragraph 1). UNCLOS does not define a method of border determination, but only that delimitation results in a “just solution.” A delimitation contract negotiated and agreed upon is, by definition, in accordance with international law under Article 74, paragraph 1, and Article 83, paragraph 1, of the UNCLOS. The Turkish Foreign Ministry said the exclusive area designated in the agreement was under the Turkish continental shelf. Ankara considers the agreement null and void and added that the agreement also violates Libya`s maritime rights.
In June, Greece and Italy signed an agreement on maritime borders that established an exclusive economic zone between the two countries. “This agreement allows both countries to make progress in maximizing the use of available resources in the exclusive economic zone, particularly promising oil and gas reserves,” Shoukry said. Second, the precise limits of maritime requirements that overlap with other states in the territories are clarified.