Ideally, the agreement should be comprehensive enough to create a cooperative framework for the management of GERD and other potential future projects on the Nile. It can be based on international cross-border water management standards and can be based on other successful examples such as the Mekong River Commission. The comprehensive framework agreement on the Nile Basin, which has not yet been approved by Sudan and Egypt, could be amended to serve as the basis for a future agreement. The Ethiopian delegate stated that the subject had no legitimate place in the Security Council. Today`s debate will set a bad precedent and “open a Pandora`s box” because the Council should not be a forum for billing results, he said, regretting that the subject had been politicized. The three countries reached consensus on most issues, with progress within reach and mutually beneficial agreement at hand. Although the parties are unable to resolve disputes, a dispute resolution mechanism outlined in the 2015 Declaration of Principles has not yet been exhausted. The African Union can also help. Although the Council often discusses the principles of complementarity between the United Nations and regional organizations, it has stated that these approaches are now being ignored. Emphasizing the mother`s question against Article 33 of the UN Charter, which states that parties to a dispute must first resort to regional agencies or agreements, he stressed that, at the recent Meeting of the African Union, the parties had approved a process led by the African Union in a spirit of pan-African solidarity and within the framework of African solutions to African problems. That is why the Council should allow this process to take place. Recently, tensions between Egypt, Sudan and Ethiopia have escalated around Ethiopia`s Great Renaissance Dam (GERD) on the Blue Nile, particularly after Ethiopia announced that it would fill the GERD reservoir, a move contrary to the Egyptian mission to fill the dam not without a legally binding agreement on the fair allocation of Nile waters. Egypt has also degenerated its call for the international community to engage.
The United States has already threatened to withhold development aid to Ethiopia if the conflict is not resolved and an agreement is not reached. Despite recent efforts by the United States and the World Bank, he said Ethiopia had not approved a fair deal in 2020 and that subsequent talks had not been successful.